Many traffic laws involve right of way. Right-of-way laws (also known as failure-to-yield laws) determine the priority or order of drivers in a variety of traffic situations. Right of way involves more than just other cars. It also determines how drivers and pedestrians handle crosswalks and other situations.
Right of way includes:
4-way intersections (who has the right of way?)
Dealing with 4-way intersections varies from state to state. Most states require drivers to leave the intersection in the same order that they arrived. If 2 or more drivers arrive at the same time, in most states the law requires that you yield to the vehicle on your right.
Pedestrians at crosswalks
In some states, pedestrians always have the right of way, whether they’re in a marked intersection or not. Other states take a stricter approach, sometimes giving the motorist right of way if they have already started to proceed into an intersection.
Running traffic signals and lights is one of the more common moving violations. It is also a leading cause of crashes. What’s more, both tickets and accidents can cause car insurance rates to rise for policyholders.